According to ARK Investment Management LLC, driverless cars are expected to revolutionise the global economy over the next 10 years and might impact GDP by as much as 20%. This huge shift is anticipated as a result of autonomous vehicles’ transformational potential to lower accident rates and lower transportation expenses.
The net GDP benefits from the introduction of autonomous taxis might be astounding, amounting to $26 trillion by 2030, or around 26% of the size of the US economy today. This economic shift is not just about numbers; it’s about lives saved.Between 30,000 and 35,000 lives might be saved by autonomous cars in the US, and 1.2 to 1.5 million lives worldwide.
While fewer accidents might lead to a GDP reduction of around $1 trillion per year due to decreased repairs, hospital stays, and insurance rates, the overall economic impact remains positive. The preservation of lives and reduction of injuries, coupled with the continued economic activity from employees who would otherwise be incapacitated, could contribute an additional $3 trillion to the global GDP annually.
The passenger experience in autonomous vehicles is set to change dramatically, with enhanced safety and newfound free time. This shift could lead to a global productivity uplift of approximately $17 trillion.
Due to their reduced running expenses and pricing, electric vehicles are predicted to take over the autonomous transportation market, which may result in a $1.2 trillion yearly drop in fuel and maintenance income for gas-powered vehicles.
The emergence of driverless taxis may cause a decline in the sale of personal vehicles in metropolitan areas, which would reduce GDP by almost $1.8 trillion annually. However, the estimated $1 trillion in sales of driverless vehicles to fleet operators may somewhat counterbalance this.
The transformation of unpaid driver activity into measured economic activity by autonomous cars could potentially generate around $9 trillion in service revenues annually. By 2030, personal autonomous travel could add a net $26 trillion to global GDP per year. This includes a potential increase of $30 trillion due to autonomous ride-hail service revenues and increased productivity, and a decrease of $4 trillion due to fewer accidents, lower gas-powered vehicle sales, and lower fuel and maintenance costs.
ARK projects that autonomous ride-hail could add around 2-3 percentage points to global GDP per year by 2030. This economic impact is anticipated to be greater than the combined boosts delivered by the steam engine, robots, and IT.
With global growth potentially nearly doubling from 3.3% per year to around 6% thanks to autonomous taxis, consumers are likely to be the biggest beneficiaries. Consumer purchasing power could increase as transportation costs drop, and time freed from unpaid driving could increase by around 10 weeks.
The autonomous vehicle revolution is not just about technology; it’s about reshaping the global economy and improving lives. As we move towards 2030, the impact of this transformative technology will become increasingly apparent.
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